Kings and Queens of England (866 .. 1603)

Early Middle Ages (866 - 1013)

Kings of Wessex

Ruler Relationship to Predecessor From To/Comments
Aethelred I King of Wessex-866871
Alfred the GreatBrother871899
Edward the ElderSon899924

The First Kings of England

Ruler Relationship to Predecessor From To/Comments
 AthelstanSon924939
 Edmund IBrother939 Oct946
 EadredBrother946 May955
 EadwigNephew955 Nov959
 Edgar IBrother959 Oct975
 Edward 'The Martyr'Son975 Jul978
 Aethelred II 'The Unready'Step-brother978 Mar1013
 

Gatehouse to a motte and bailey castle

The majority of Norman barons, including the Kings, built small forts made from wood consisting of a strong perimeter palisade set on a high bank surrounding the bailey where the buildings for the household were located. Outside the fort a deep ditch was dug which was sometimes filled with water. Most of the time these forts were a sufficient means of defence, but if attackers got over of through the palisade there was nowhere for the defenders to retreat to. To overcome this limitation the keep was developed. The keep was a particularly strongly built building made of wood and later stone. Further developments in castle design saw the keeps built on top of large mounds called mottes.

Please take time to explore this virtual recontruction created by TimeRef.com by clicking on the image below.

 

High Middle Ages (1013 - 1307)

Ruler Relationship to Predecessor From To/Comments
 Swein (Sweyn) 'Fork-Beard'-1013 Dec1014
 Aethelred 'The Unready'-1014 Mar1016
 Edmund II 'Ironside'(Son of Aethelred II)1016 Apr 
 Canute (Knut)(Son of Swein)1016 Nov1035
 Harold I 'Harefoot'Son10351040
 HarthacnutStep-brother1040 Jun1042
 Edward 'The Confessor'(Son of Aethelred II)1042 Jun1066
 Harold II 'Godwinson'-1066 Jan 23 

The Norman Kings

Ruler Relationship to Predecessor From To/Comments
 William I 'The Conqueror'-1066 Dec 251087
 William II 'Rufus'Son1087 Sep 261100
 Henry IBrother1100 Aug 51135
 Stephen of BloisNephew1135 Dec 221154
 (Matilda)Cousin1141 Apr-NovMatilda was not crowned

The Angevin (Plantagenet) Kings:

Ruler Relationship to Predecessor From To/Comments
Henry II(Son of Matilda)1154 Dec 191189
Richard I 'The Lionheart'Son1189 Sep 31199
JohnBrother1199 May 271216
Henry IIISon1216 Oct 281272
Edward ISon1272 Nov 201307

Late Middle Ages (1307 - 1485)

Ruler Relationship to Predecessor From To/Comments
Edward IISon1307 Jul 81327
Edward IIISon1327 Jan 251377
Richard IIGrandson1377 Jun 231399

The Lancastrian and Yorkist Kings:

Ruler Relationship to Predecessor From To/Comments
Henry IVCousin1399 Sep 301413
Henry VSon1413 Mar 131422
Henry VISon1422 Sep 11461
Edward IV-1461 Mar 41470
(Henry VI restored) -1470 Oct 31471
(Edward IV restored) -1471 Apr 111483
Edward VSon of (Edward IV)1483 (Apr 9)A Prince in the Tower
Richard IIIUncle1483 Jun 261485

Help the inhabitants of a medieval village

Early Modern Period (1485 - )

The Tudor Kings and Queens:

Ruler Relationship to Predecessor From To/Comments
Henry VII-1485 Aug 221509
Henry VIIISon1509 Apr 221547
Edward VISon1547 Jan 221553
(Lady Jane Grey)-1553 July 10Jane was never crowned
Mary I, 'Bloody Mary'Sister (of Edward VI)1553 July 191558
Elizabeth ISister15581603

The Stuart Kings and Queens:

Ruler Relationship to Predecessor From To/Comments
James I (James VI of Scotland)???16031625
Charles ISon16251649
To be completed...

TimeRef UK Castles Mobile App for Android Phone

This Android app allows you to find castles thar are near you. Currently the app includes only English and Welsh castles.

View Details in Google Play Store

Download the app from the Google Play Store.

View Instructions

 

 

A Medieval Mystery

There appear to be some strange connections between the fourteenth century Old Wardour Castle and ancient stone circle Stonehenge.

 

 

View Mystery Details

 

 

 
 
 
 
 

Virtual Reconstructions

Transport yourself back up to a thousand years and explore historical buildings as they may have appeared in the past.

Explore Hall Keep

Explore Stone Keep

Explore Medieval Church

 
  • Reign Length Chart
    Reign Length Chart

    Use the chart above to compare the length of each King's reign.

    View chart

  • Reign Length Chart
    Reign Length Chart

    Use the chart above to compare the length of each King's reign.

    View chart