Events occurring at some time during this year
Beaudesert castle inner bailey
Peter de Montfort rebuilt the inner bailey
of Beaudesert Castle in stone, of which nothing remains.
Honorius III becomes Pope
Berkhamsted Castle is captured by the French
Prince Louis of France besieged the castle
at Berkhamsted. It fell to his army within a few weeks.
King John attacks Berwick
King John attacked Berwick and forced the Scots to leave. He also raided the lowlands.
King John puts down revolt
King John put down a revolt in East Anglia. The Barons and the French kept hold of London.
Small French fleet land in London
A small French army landed in London. Their commander informed the rebel barons that Prince Louis would soon arrive from France.
A storm hits John's fleet
John's fleet of ships was badly damaged by storms as they prepare to defend against an invasion from France. This left the way open for Prince Louis to sail to England a few days later.
Prince Louis of France claims English Throne
Invited by the barons opposed to king John, Prince Louis of France landed in England to claim the English Throne. Louis captured Rochester Castle
after a short siege.
Prince Louis advances across England
Prince Louis advanced on Winchester and captured the city and its castle. Elsewhere, Windsor Castle
and Dover Castle were besieged by the rebel barons. Both castles were defended and held out against the sieges. King John used Corfe Castle in the south-west as his base of operations while he planned his campaign against the rebel barons and Prince Louis.
Honorius III elected as the new Pope
Pope Innocent III died on July 16 and two days later in Rome the cardinals elected Honorius III as the Pope.
William of Cassingham
A man called William of Cassingham, possibly known as Willekin of the Weald, supported King John against the invaders and attacked the rebel barons and French in whatever means he could using a form of guerrilla warfare.
Death of King John
King John died at Newark from excessive eating and drinking. Protestant historians of the 16th century wrote that he was poisoned by a monk at Swineshead in Lincolnshire. The monk received orders from the Pope to kill King John and took a small amount of poisoned wine himself to reassure the King and also died. But had King John become the Pope's ally before his death?
King John buried at Worcester
King John's wishes were to be buried at the church at Worcester.This was done and King John's body was placed in a tomb at the centre of the Cathedral.
King John dies
King John died at Newark. This was shortly after he lost his baggage train in the Wash estuary as the tide returned. There was supposed to be a large amount of treasure in the baggage train at the time and it has never been found.
King Henry III Crowned
King John's eldest son Henry was crowned King Henry III at the abbey
church of Gloucester by Peter des Roches the Bishop of Winchester. The Earl of Pembroke, Earl Marshal of England (William Marshal), was declared Regent.
Llywelyn divides Wales
Llywelyn of Wales divided south Wales amongst the native princes.
Revision to the Magna Carta
The Magna Carta was revised at King Henry's Council at Bristol.