|Father||Louis (VI, The Fat, King of France 1108-1137)||Mother||Adelaide (of Savoy)|
Family Tree Details
Louis (VII, The Young, King of France, 1137-1180) (b.1121 - d.1180)
+Eleanor (of Aquitaine) (b.1122 - d.1204)
| = Mary (of Champagne) (b.1145 - )
| = Alice (Daughter of Eleanor of Aquitaine) (b.1150 - d.1198)
+Constance (of Castile)
| = Alys (Daugher of Louis VII) (b.1160 - d.1220)
| = Margaret (Young Queen of England) (b.1158? - d.1197?)
| +Henry ('the Young King') (b.1155 - d.1183)
+Adela (of Champagne) (b.1145? - d.1206)
= Philippe (II Augustus, King of France 1180-1223) (b.1165 - d.1223)
| +Isabella (of Hainault) ( - d.1190)
| | = Louis (VIII, The Lion, King of France 1223-1226) (b.1187 - d.1226)
| | +Blanche (of Castile) (b.1188 - d.1252)
| | = Louis (IX, King of France, St. Louis) (b.1215 - d.1270)
| +Ingeborg (of Denmark)
| +Agnes (of Meran) ( - d.1201)
| = Philip (of Boulogne) ( - d.1235)
= Agnes (of France) (b.1171 - d.1220?)
King Louis VII was crowned king of France, a few months after the death of his father Louis VI. ¹
The Pope left Viterbo in January and travelled to France. At the start of April he met the King at Dijon. It was agreed that Abbot Sugar would take care of France while the French King was away and the Pope and Abbot met several times. ¹
King Louis VII of France and his wife Eleanor of Aquitaine began their Crusade. They declared Abbot Suger regent of France,
The decision was made to attack Damascus. The armies were assembled in Acre. Present were Baldwin, the Patriarch Fulcher, Kings Louis and Conrad, Archbishops of Caesarea and Nazareth, Masters of the Knights Temple and Hospital. ¹
Louis VII, the king of France, was not happy with Henry's new position as Duke of Normandy. Louis declared war on Henry. But Louis fell ill and the two enemies did not meet in battle. The dispute was sent to arbitration in Paris (Knights Templar?) and was resolved by Henry doing homage to Louis for Normandy and giving France the area of Vexin.
The marriage of King Louis VII of France and his wife Eleanor of Aquitaine was annulled. The reason for the divorce was given as consanguinity which means both Louis and Eleanor shared a common ancestor. But the marriage had never been a happy one and Eleanor had been accused of adultery while accompanying Louis on crusade to the Holy Land in 1149. ¹
Only two months after Eleanor of Aquitaine's marriage to Louis VII, king of France was annulled, she married Henry of Anjou - the future king of England - Henry II. ¹
After marrying Eleanor Henry came under attack by Louis, Eleanor's previous husband, who did not recognise Henry as the new Duke of Aquitaine. Stephen sent troops and his son Eustace to help Louis against Henry. Henry's younger brother, Geoffrey, was also not happy with the situation and joined the quarrels. Henry moved quickly attacking Louis and capturing Geoffrey to secure his position as Duke.
King Henry II travelled to France to meet Louis VII the French King and propose a marriage between his son Henry and Louis' daughter Margaret. This was accepted but the actual betrothal did not occur until November of 1160. Louis' children were all female, two by Eleanor of Aquitaine and the third, Margaret, by Constance , the daughter of Alfonso VIII, king of Castile. Henry was only three years old and Margaret was less than a year old. ¹
King Henry II claimed the area around Toulouse in the name of his wife Eleanor of Aquitaine, At Poitiers he gathered his army and on June 24th the army began its march. He invaded the region and advanced on the city of Toulouse. Louis VII of France was unhappy with Henry's increasing power and took an army to Toulouse to prevent the English king entering the city. As Henry was the vassal of King Louis he backed down from attacking the city while Louis was inside. ¹
Henry took his army north to Normandy where Louis' brothers were attacking the border. Henry took several castles and cut Louis off from Paris.
King Henry I held the upper hand and King Louis VII of France had no choice other than sign a peace treaty. It was agreed that the treaty would last until Whitsun 1160.
It was agreed that most of the gains that Henry achieved in the last twelve months from Louis were to be reversed and as hier to Normandy Henry did homage to Louis, the French king.
Within weeks of the death of his second wife, King Louis of France married Adela, the daugter of Theobald count of Champange. ¹
At a betrothal ceremony between Henry the Young King and Margaret, King Henry II accepted the dowry of the Vexin castles as agreed with King Louis of France. ¹
The future king of France was born. ¹
A marriage agreement was arranged between Prince Richard and the daughter of King Louis VII, bringing peace between England and France.Alys was only nine years old at the time and sent to England under protection of the English King Henry II. ¹
Henry II of England, Louis VII of France and Thomas Becket met at Montmirail to hold peace talks. Becket submitted to Henry excepting only on one point, and the negotiations failed. A second meeting took place at St. Leger-en-Yvelines, and a papal ultimatum was served on Henry. ¹
The baronial rebellion against Henry II started in 1173 and finished at the battle of Alnwick 1174. It was started by the king's eldest son, the young Henry who went to France to ask the French king, Louis VII to have his father removed from the throne. In England the barons rose up against King Henry and were assisted by the Scottish king, William I. ¹
From the middle of July King Louis of France, Henry the Young King and Philip the count of Flanders had surrounded the city of Rouen. The city held out against the war engines long enough for Henry II to arrive in the middle of August to stage a rescue. The besiegers were fearful that Henry II would invade France and the siege was lifted. ¹
After a year and a half of rebellion against him, Henry II achieved peace agreements with Louis VII the French king and his own three sons. (Treaty of Falaise?) ¹
Following the Capetian tradition of the French Kings, King Louis VII of France had his eldest son Philip crowned at Rheims Cathedral. Philip then became joint ruler of France. ¹
Philippe II, Augustus succeeds to the French throne after the death of his father. ¹
3D Virtual Reconstructions
Transport yourself back up to a thousand years and explore historical buildings as they may have appeared in the past. Built using the popular game development tool Unity 3D, these reconstructions will run in the most of the popular web browsers on your desktop or laptop computer.
Selection of references used:
Explore the White Tower
Explore all four floors of the White Tower at the Tower of London using the Unity 3d game engine.
A Medieval Mystery
There appear to be some strange connections between the fourteenth century Old Wardour Castle and ancient stone circle Stonehenge.
Old Wardour Castle appears to be aligned to ancient sites in the Stonehenge landscape.
Stonehenge is aligned to the Summer Solstice. Old Wardour has a very similar alignment.
Could the builders of Old Wardour used mesaurements from Stonehenge to layout the geometrical keep?