|Born||circa 1031 /|
|Died||13 November 1093 /|
Event Location Map (click image to explore)
Family Tree Details
Malcolm (III, Scottish King 1058-1093) (b.1031? - d.1093)
| = Duncan (II, Scottish King 1094) (b.1060 - d.1094)
+Margaret (of Wessex) ( - d.1093)
= Edward (Prince of Scotland)
= Edmund (of Scotland)
= Edgar (King of Scotland 1097-1107) (b.1074? - d.1107)
= Alexander (I, King of Scotland 1107-1124) (b.1077 - d.1124)
| +Sybilla (of Normandy) (b.1092? - d.1122)
= Matilda Edith (of Scotland) (b.1080? - d.1118)
| +Henry (I, King of England 1100-1135) (b.1068 - d.1135)
| = William (Adelin) (b.1103 - d.1120)
| = Matilda (Empress Maud) (b.1102 - d.1167)
| +Geoffrey (Plantagenet, 'The Fair', Count of Anjou) ( - d.1151)
| | = Henry (II, King of England 1154-1189) (b.1133 - d.1189)
| | = Geoffrey (VI of Anjou)
| | = William (Count of Paitin) (b.1136 - d.1164)
| +Henry (V of Germany)
= David (I, King of Scotland 1124-1153) (b.1085 - d.1153)
| +Matilda (Wife of David I)
| = Henry (Earl of Huntingdon) ( - d.1152)
| +Warenne, Ada de
| = Malcolm (IV, Scottish King 1153-1165) (b.1142 - d.1165)
| = William (I, the Lion, King of Scotland 1165-1214) (b.1142? - d.1214)
| = David (Earl of Huntingdon) ( - d.1219)
= Mary (of Scotland) (b.1084? - d.1116)
+Eustace (III, Count of Boulogne) (b.1089 - d.1125)
= Matilda (Countess of Boulogne, Queen of England) ( - d.1152)
+Stephen (of Blois, king of England 1135-1154) (b.1100 - d.1154)
= Baldwin (of Boulogne) (b.1126 - d.1135?)
= Eustace (IV, Count of Boulogne) (b.1129? - d.1153)
Crinan, the Abbot of Dunkfeld, led an uprising against Macbeth in an attempt to put his grandson Malcolm (III) on the Scottish throne. Malcolm was living at the court of Edward the Confessor at the time. Crinian was killed and the uprising failed.
Macbeth was killed by Malcolm III, also known as Malcolm Canmore, who later became the King of Scotland. Macbeth was succeeded by his stepson Lulach who was crowned at Scone.
Malcolm had killed Macbeth at Lumphanan in Aberdeenshire. Macbeth's stepson Lulach was crowned king and reigned for four months until he too was killed at Strathbogie. Malcolm became King of the Scots and was crowned at Scone. ¹
Many of the northern English lords escaped to Scotland and to the court of Malcolm III when it was clear that William the Conqueror had control of the country.
Edgar the Aetheling took refuge with Malcolm III in Scotland along with his sister Margaret. Malcolm and Margaret were married in the same year.
In response to the earlier Scottish raid into northern England, King William took an army into Scotland. At the Treaty of Abernethy between William the Conqueror and Malcolm III of Scotland, Malcolm agreed to pay homage to William and gave his eldest son as hostage.
Edgar the Aetheling joined forces with King Malcolm in Scotland and King Philippe I of France in an attempt to take the English throne. A storm in the North Sea brought the endevour to an end and Edgar surrendered to William the Conqueror.
The fourth major invasion into the north of England by Malcolm III started when the Scots began a siege of Durham. ¹
The Normans, led by William Rufus, went north to deal with the Scots but a conflict was averted and a renewal of the treaty of Abernethy was agreed.
William Rufus renewed the arrangement that his father had with Malcolm III, King of the Scots. This may have included letting Malcolm have some areas of northern England. Even so this did not prevent further attacks on England in the north by the Scots. The negotiation of the peace between England and Scotland was assisted by Edgar the Atheling. ¹
William Rufus ordered the construction of a castle at Carlisle because of the thrreat that the Scottish King Malcolm III posed.
A meeting was arranged between Malcolm III of Scotland and William II of England at Gloucester. It was here that William demanded that the failing peace between the two nations should be judged by the barons. Malcolm refused, returning to Scotland and raising an army.
Malcolm III, the king of Scotland, and his son Edward were both killed at the battle of Alnwick in Northumberland. Malcolm had invaded England after William II had made moves to take more control over Cumbria and had fortified Carlisle.
Margaret of Scotland died only days after her son and husband had been killed at Alnwick.
3D Virtual Reconstructions
Transport yourself back up to a thousand years and explore historical buildings as they may have appeared in the past. Built using the popular game development tool Unity 3D, these reconstructions will run in the most of the popular web browsers on your desktop or laptop computer.
Explore the White Tower
Explore all four floors of the White Tower at the Tower of London using the Unity 3d game engine.
A Medieval Mystery
There appear to be some strange connections between the fourteenth century Old Wardour Castle and ancient stone circle Stonehenge.
Old Wardour Castle appears to be aligned to ancient sites in the Stonehenge landscape.
Stonehenge is aligned to the Summer Solstice. Old Wardour has a very similar alignment.
Could the builders of Old Wardour used mesaurements from Stonehenge to layout the geometrical keep?