|circa 1142 /
Event Location Map (click image to explore)
Family Tree Details
William (I, the Lion, King of Scotland 1165-1214) (b.1142? - d.1214)
+Beaumont, Ermengarde de ( - d.1233)
= Alexander (II, King of Scotland 1198-1249) (b.1198 - d.1249)
| +Joan (of England, Queen of Scotland) (b.1210 - d.1238)
| +Coucy, Marie de
| = Alexander (III, King of Scotland 1249-1286) (b.1241 - d.1286)
| +Margaret (of England) ( - d.1275)
| = Alexander (son of Alexander III) ( - d.1284)
| = David (son of Alexander III) ( - d.1281)
| = Margaret (of Scotland, Queen of Norway) (b.1261 - d.1283)
= Margaret (Daughter of William I of Scotland) ( - d.1259)
| +Burgh, Hubert de (Earl of Kent) (b.1170? - d.1243)
= Isabella (Daughter of William I of Scotland)
= Marjorie (Daughter of William I of Scotland) ( - d.1244)
On the death of Malcolm IV his brother, William, became the king of the Scots. William was crowned at Scone.
Henry II returned from Normandy and spent Easter at Windsor Castle where he was joined by William, King of Scotland and his brother David. The English king knighted David at this event.
The baronial rebellion against Henry II started in 1173 and finished at the battle of Alnwick 1174. It was started by the king's eldest son, the young Henry who went to France to ask the French king, Louis VII to have his father removed from the throne. In England the barons rose up against King Henry and were assisted by the Scottish king, William I. ¹
William I, king of Scotland invaded England to help fight in the baronial rebellion against Henry II. The Scottish King attacked the castle at Prudhoe but was unable to capture it. William was captured at the Battle of Alnwick and the rebellion came to an end. He was transported to Falaise in Normandy where he would later sign a peace treaty.
Captured by the English, William I of Scotland was forced to sign the Treaty of Falaise. The treaty made Scotland a feudal possession of England and William and his nobles swore fealty to Henry II. William had to hand over several castles to the English in return for his freedom. One of these was Stirling Castle.This treaty was overruled by King Richard I in return for funds paid by Scotland that Richard needed for his crusade in 1189. ¹
William I of Scotland gave Richard I of England 10,000 marks for the Crusade. This overturned the Treaty of Falaise which William had to sign when captured in 1174. ¹
William the Lion of Scotland was eager to support John's claim to the throne of England in exchange for ownership of the northern territories of England iincluding Northumberland and Cumberland. John had promised to honour these demands while back in Normandy as long as the Scottish King kept the peace until he arrived. Through mediation the threat of conflict between England and Scotland was put aside. This allowed John to concentrate his efforts against France where King Philip was causing problems.
During a tour of the Midlands, John received homage from William 'the Lyon', King of Scotland at Lincoln. William was looking to move into the areas of Northumberland, Cumberland, and Westmoreland. John on the other hand ensured that those areas were controlled by Barons he could trust. ¹
William, King of the Scots was prepared to give John his eldest son, Alexander as hostage to keep the peace between the two countries. William was also eager that Alexander should become King of the Scots after himself. Earning the trust of John was to be repaid later when John sent an army to Scotland to help William put down a rebellion. ¹
William, the King of Scotland died.
3D Virtual Reconstructions
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Explore the White Tower
Explore all four floors of the White Tower at the Tower of London using the Unity 3d game engine.
A Medieval Mystery
There appear to be some strange connections between the fourteenth century Old Wardour Castle and ancient stone circle Stonehenge.
Old Wardour Castle appears to be aligned to ancient sites in the Stonehenge landscape.
Stonehenge is aligned to the Summer Solstice. Old Wardour has a very similar alignment.
Could the builders of Old Wardour used mesaurements from Stonehenge to layout the geometrical keep?