unfermline Abbey was founded by Margaret, the wife of Malcom Cranmore in around 1070. Margaret was the sister of f Edgar the Aetheling and had fled with her brother to Scotland after the Norman Invasion of William the Conqueror. Margaret was deeply religious and founded several abbeys including Dunfermline. Monks from Canterbury were sent to populate the new foundation by Archbishop Lanfranc. The first church on the site was small as the numbers of monks sent was few, but over time it grew in importance and in the reign of David I, Margaret's son, the church was dedicated (1150). In around 1250 the small church was taken down and replaced by a much larger set of buildings. In 1560 the church was attacked and badly damaged during the Scottish Reformation and remained in a decaying state until in the nineteenth century a new church was built around it. Many important Scottish rulers are buried on the site.
After several years and many petitions to Rome, the body of Queen Margaret, the wife of Malcolm Canmore, was moved from its position in Dunfermline Abbey to a more prominent position nearer the altar. The Queen was canonised as a saint.
Edward spent the winter months at Dunfermline Abbey where he planned the attack on Stirling Castle. ¹
3D Virtual Reconstructions
Transport yourself back up to a thousand years and explore historical buildings as they may have appeared in the past. Built using the popular game development tool Unity 3D, these reconstructions will run in the most of the popular web browsers on your desktop or laptop computer.
Uncover the lives of the hundreds of kings, queens, lords, ladies, barons, earls, archbishops and rebels who made the medieval people an exciting period of history to live through.
Selection of references used:
1. Susan Ross, The Castles of Scotland, ISBN:0-85097-184-5