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Ailettes Small square metal plates or shields attached to the shoulders to protect against sword blows
Almayne Rivets The style of armour where sections are fastened with rivets that are allowed to slide giving more freedom of movement
Anelace A short sword with a broad blade used by both ordinary people and military
Angon A six foot long spear for throwing. Used by Anglo-Saxons
Annulet A ring around a circular pier or shaft. A circle on a shield used in heraldry
Arbalestier A crossbow man
Arming Points Strips of leather used to tie sections of armour together
Arrow-slit A long narrow opening to shoot arrows through. Some are cross-shaped for crossbows
Aventail Section of a helmet covering the lower face and neck for protection
Axe Common medieval weapon with large blade fixed at ninety degrees to the handle
Backplate Section of armour covering the back from neck to waist. Part of the cuirass
Badelaire A cutlass or short sword
Bailey The open area in a castle between the keep and the curtain wall. This area can have working and domestic buildings in it
Baldric A belt worn around the neck an to the hip from which the sword was hung
Ballista War engine used for throwing large arrows
Barbican Outer defences of a castle where attackers would be vulnerable. Normally a double tower over a bridge or gate
Bardings Armour for horses, covering neck and breast
Barmkin Scottish term for a fortified castle courtyard. Similar to a barbican
Bartizan A watch-tower or turret jutting out from the top of a castle
Baselard A short sword or knife used in close combat
Basinet A conically shaped helmet with open front. An aventail was added for face and neck protection
Bastion A solid tower at the end or middle of a curtain wall
Battlemented Describes the top of of a wall where there are rows of rectangular teeth. This is also known as crenellated or embattled
Berm Strip of ground between the outer curtain wall and the moat
Bourdonasse A lance for jousting that breaks easily on contact to prevent injuries
Brassarts Armour for protecting the upper arm from elbow to shoulder
Breastplate Armour to protect the chest. Part of the cuirass
Breteche Hoardings: Wooden boards fitted to top of wall used as extra protection for defenders
Byrnie A long shirt of leather or chain mail finishing at the elbows and reaching down to the knees
Camail Chain mail armour covering the head and falling over the shoulders
Casemate Bomb-proof vault in a curtain wall for cannons
Castellan The governor of a castle or keep
Castellation Another word for battlements. The defensive detail at the top of a wall or tower
Castle Medieval fortification
Causeway A bank built across marshy ground with a path running along the top
Chain mail Flexible clothing made from interlinking rings of metal
Chanfron Armour for horses covering the face
Cinque Ports Ports on the south coast with special privileges. Originally five
Concentric A concentric castle has a series of defences enclosing another
Constable Person in charge of the defence of the castle.
Crenellation Notched battlements at the top of a wall
Crinet Armour for a horse to protect the neck area
Crossbow A weapon able to shoot arrows. Lot of varieties
Crupper Armour for a horse to protect the hind area
Crusade Military expeditions to win back or hold on to the Holy Lands from the Muslims
Cuirass Medieval armour covering the back (backplate) and chest (breastplate). Plain or ornately decorated
Curtain Wall The wall around the bailey with a sentry-walk along its top
Cyclas A sleeveless tunic
Transport yourself back up to a thousand years and explore historical buildings as they may have appeared in the past.
Explore the bailey and wooden tower keep of a Norman motte and bailey castle
Motte & Bailey
Explore all four floors of a Norman square keep similar to Dover Castle that was built in the twelfth century.
Explore a siege landscape and learn about the siege engines used to destroy a castle.
Explore a reconstruction of Stokesay Castle, a fortified manor house from the fifteenth century.
Explore the White Tower
Explore four floors of the keep at the Tower of London.
Adventure Game - Early Access
Early Access to the TimeRef card-based Adventure Game.
Medieval Village - Early Access
Explore the medieval village.