aldwin of Boulogne was the brother of Godfrey of Bouillon. Together they took part in the First Crusade. Baldwin became the count of Edessa in 1098. Godfrey became the first King of Jerusalem after the city was captured in 1099. When Godfrey died on 18th July 1100 the post of ruler became vacant. The head of the Church in Jerusalem, Dagobert of Pisa, claimed that the Church itself should rule and as he was its representative he should have the job, but Baldwin disagreed. With a force of a thousand or so men Baldwin travelled to Jerusalem to claim the throne of Jerusalem for himself. The people of Jerusalem chose Baldwin as they recognised the need for a strong leader who could defend the city. Baldwin, unlike his brother, was happy to be called King of Jerusalem and to wear a crown. Under Baldwin's reign the territory Jerusalem controlled was greatly enlarged. He captured Arsuf, Caesarea, Acre and Sidon. In 1115 he had constructed the castle Krak de Montreal built on a hill to command the local trade routes. In 1118 Baldwin died without an heir. He was succeeded by his cousin Baldwin of Bourg.
Godfrey of Bouillon died just a year after the crusaders had captured Jerusalem. Agreeing who should succeed Godfrey as ruler of Jerusalem was not easy. The head of the Church in Jerusalem, Dagobert of Pisa, claimed that the Church itself should rule and as he was its representative he should have the job. Godfrey's brother, Baldwin of Edessa, had other ideas and travelled to Jerusalem with an army to claim the throne. ¹
Supported by an army of over a thousand men, Baldwin claimed the throne of Jerusalem. Baldwin of Edessa was Godfrey's brother and he claimed the throne as his heritage. Baldwin was crowned on Christmas Day at Bethlehem.
Baldwin II became King of Jerusalem following in his cousin's footsteps. ¹
3D Virtual Reconstructions
Transport yourself back up to a thousand years and explore historical buildings as they may have appeared in the past. Built using the popular game development tool Unity 3D, these reconstructions will run in the most of the popular web browsers on your desktop or laptop computer.
More medieval people
Uncover the lives of the hundreds of kings, queens, lords, ladies, barons, earls, archbishops and rebels who made the medieval people an exciting period of history to live through.
Selection of references used:
1. Edward Burman, The Templars, Knights of God, ISBN:0-85030-396-6