Anne of Brittany was married to two French kings. Firstly she was married to King Charles VIII and after his death she married King Louis XII. She had several children by both kings several of which died in early childhood some only surviving for a few days. Anne had previously been betrothed to Maximilian, the Holy Roman Emporer, but this agreement had been overturned by Charles. When King Charles died in 1498, Louis became king of France and requested the annulment of his to his first wife Joan so that he could marry Anne. The Pope gave him permission so Anne became Louis' wife and the only woman to be Queen consort of France twice. Anne died in January of 1514. She was buried next to her first husband Charles in the church of Saint Denis. According to her wishes her heart was placed in a golden urn and taken to a monastery in Nantes. Only two of her children survived her, one being Claude, who would become the wife of King Francis I of France.
Charles VIII of France married Anne, the duchess of Brittany. Anne had been duchess since the death of her father in 1488. Both Charles and Anne had been part of arranged marriages, but as those marriages were not consummated they were declared void. The marriage between Charles and Anne ended the independence of Brittany from France.
After the death of King Charles VIII of France, his successor Louis XII had the marriage to his first wife Joan annulled so that he could marry Anne, the widow of Charles.
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