urham Cathedral is built on a peninsular carved out by a sudden turn of the river Wear. The body of Cuthbert was brought to Durham in 995 a hundred years after being moved from Lindisfarne where it was in danger of destruction by the Danes. The Normans took control of the cathedral and a castle was built nearby to the north. The building work of the present cathedral was begun around 1093 and continued until 1133. It is the best example of Romanesque architecure in Europe. When the Lady Chapel was added in the middle of the twelfth century its usual location at the east of the church was not suitable due to problems with the foundations. The chapel was built instead at the west end of the church and is known as the Galilee Chapel. The west end of the cathedral has no entrance being so close the steep sides of the peninsular so the main entrances are through the north and south sides. At the east end of the cathedral is the chapel of the Nine Altars, the construction of which began in around 1242. This was built in the eleventh century and houses the shrine of St. Cuthbert. Cuthbert is still buried here.
Bishop Aldhun, the first Bishop of Durham, consecrated a cathedral at the location where the remains of St. Cuthbert had been relocated to. The remains were at Lindisfarne and were moved because of the danger of Viking raids. ¹
As Bishop of Durham, Thomas Wolsey's power and influence inreased greatly. ¹
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Selection of references used:
1. T. Francis Bumpus, The Cathedrals of England and Wales, 1934
2. Alan & Veronica Palmer, Pimlico Chronology of Britsh History, ISBN:0-7126-7331-8
3. John Harvey, English Cathedrals, 1961
4. William Henry Derbyshire, A history of Dunstable