|Cardiff Castle Key Facts|
|County||Cardiff (1 castle)|
|Directions||Within the city of Cardiff just to the north of the Millennium Stadium.|
|Categories||Motte & Bailey / Stone / Shell Keep|
|Remains||Not complete but much survives|
|Access to site||Only open at certain times|
|1081||Cardiff Castle construction|
|William the Conqueror may have ordered the creation of a castle at Cardiff during his tour of Southern Wales. The first castle on the site would have been a motte and bailey type and it was built on the site of existing Roman fortifications.|
Episode: Norman Conquest
|1134||Death of Robert Curthose|
|Robert Curthose, William the Conqueror's eldest son, died in captivity in Cardiff Castle where he had been locked up since being defeated by his brother in 1106. Robert was buried in Gloucester Cathedral where there is an effigy of him still.|
|1158||Cardiff Castle attack|
|Welsh leader Ifor Bach attacked the castle and kidnapped William Fitzcount, the Lord of Glamorgan, along with his family.|
|1404||Cardiff sacked by Glyndwr|
|Owain Glyndwr attacked and captured the town of Cardiff and its castle.|
Episode: Glendowers Revolt
The Norman Conquerors built their castles in locations where they could keep control of the local populations of Saxons or at important locations such as river crossings or on key roads. Many motte and bailey castles were built on the border with Wales to try and keep the Welsh at bay. The advantage of this type of castle was that it was quick to construct. Making a fortification from wood was much easier than making one of stone.
Do you want to explore a Saxon Hall, a medieval church or a large stone keep? Click the images below to enter a medieval world.
Transport yourself back up to a thousand years and explore historical buildings as they may have appeared in the past.