obert, Count of Mortain, was the son of Herleva and Herluin de Conteville and the half-brother of William the Conqueror. He was also the brother of Odo of Bayeaux. Robert provided William with a large number of ships and men and accompanied William in 1066 during the invasion of England for which he was rewarded with land in England. Robert was also given the Roman fort at Pevensey in which he built a castle and repaired the old Roman walls. In 1088 Robert, along with Odo rebelled against William Rufus in an attempt to place Robert, Duke of Normandy on the English throne. The rebellion failed but Robert of Mortain was pardoned and allowed to keep his land. Robert's son William became the Count of Mortain after his death.
Many Norman barons held land both in England and Normandy. With two opposing lords, William in England and Robert in Normandy, the barons were finding it difficult to know who to support. A revolt led by Odo sprung up in England with the aim of removing William from the throne. Odo's revolt in Kent and Sussex was supported by barons across the country. Roger Bigod from Norwich and Geoffrey of Coutances and Robert Mowbray from Bristol supported Odo. In Worcestershire Roger de Lacy captured Hereford and attacked Worcester. In the south-east Roger Montgomery at Arundel Robert of Mortain at Pevensey and Gilbert de Clare at Tonbridge also prepared to fight the King. Robert of Belleme, a Norman baron, who was able to bring support from Normandy. Robert also controlled castles in the Welsh Marches where the revolt also took place.
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