John, the Duke of Bedford was the third son of King Henry IV and younger brother of King Henry V. In 1405 his father granted John the lands of the disgraced Percy family including the castles of Alnwick, Prudhoe and Warkworth. John was highly educated as were his brothers and when he became regent in 1422 of France after his brother's death he bought the library of Charles VI and transported the books to England. In 1420 at the Treaty of Troyes King Charles VI of France agreed that after his death King Henry V of England and his heirs would become the rulers of France. When both Henry V and Charles VI both died in 1422, Bedford was placed in the position of Regent of France as his nephew Henry VI was just one year old.
An English fleet commanded by John Duke of Bedford attacked and defeated the French blockading the mouth of the Seine who were preventing supplies reaching the English held town of Harfleur. Bedford was the king's brother.
Henry VI became king of England upon the death of his father. Henry was less than one year old when his father died and so England was governed by a number of protectors. These included Henry V's brothers, John Duke of Bedford and Humphrey Duke of Gloucester, along with Henry Beaufort the bishop of Winchester.
John, Duke of Bedford, died in Rouen. Henry was still too young to rule and Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester, took over as regent until Henry was old enough to rule England unaided. Gloucester was not popular and was the cause of unrest with Parliament.
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