Family Tree Details
Isabella (of Castile) (b.1451 - d.1504)
+Ferdinand (II, King of Aragon 1479-1516) (b.1452 - d.1516)
= Isabella (Queen of Portugal) (b.1470 - d.1498)
= Maria (Queen of Portugal)
= John (Prince of Asturias) ( - d.1497)
= Catherine (of Aragon, Queen of England) (b.1485 - d.1536)
| +Arthur (Prince of Wales) (b.1486 - d.1502)
| +Henry (VIII, King of England 1509-1547) (b.1491 - d.1547)
| = Mary (I, Queen of England 1553-1558, Bloody Mary, Mary Tudor) (b.1516 - d.1558)
| +Philip (II, King of Spain 1556-1598) (b.1527 - d.1598)
= Joanna (of Castile, The Mad) (b.1479 - d.1555)
+Philip (I, King of Castile) ( - d.1506)
= Charles (V, Holy Roman Emperor (1519-58) and I, King of Spain (1516-56)) (b.1500 - d.1558)
The eighteen-year-old Isabella, heir to the King of Castile married her cousin Ferdinand, the heir to the King of Aragon. Ferdinand was seventeen.
Ferdinand became the King of Aragon, and as his wife Isabella was a princess of Castile, two of the most powerful Christain states in Spain were united. At this time the Iberian peninsula was divided into five areas, Portugal on the west coast, Granada on the south coast, Navarre on the north coast, Aragon on the east coast and taking most of the centre was Castile. Castile and Aragon were the largest of the five.
The death of Henry IV, the King of Castile, plunged the state into civil war as he did not specify a successor. Many nobles supported Isabella the late King's sister, while others supported the King's daughter Joanna. Joanna's cause was boosted by that of Alfonso V of Portugal who planned to marry her and bring the state of Castile under Portuguese control.
This treaty signed between Portugal and Castile marked the end of the war over the succession to the throne of Castile. Alphonso of Portugal gave up his claim of the throne of Castile and not to marry Joanna of Castile. Joanna agreed to become a nun and remain in Portugal. In return Isabella of Castile gave up claims to some territories that Portugal had claims to. Isabella also pardoned those nobles in Castile that had supported Joanna and Alphonso.
Christopher Columbus signed an agreement with Ferdinand and Isabella, the King and Queen of Spain, He specified that he should be given ten percent of any materials that he found on his explorations, for example spices, gems, gold and silver. He also specified that he would fund one eighth of the expedition if in return he received an eighth of the profits. He also wanted to be made Viceroy of all lands that he discovered. ¹
When Isabella of Castile died many of her children were also dead. The rule of Castile passed to Joanna her eldest surviving daughter. But Joanna's mental state was in question and Isabella had stated in her will that Ferdinand her husband would act a regent if Joanna was unable to rule.
3D Virtual Reconstructions
Transport yourself back up to a thousand years and explore historical buildings as they may have appeared in the past. Built using the popular game development tool Unity 3D, these reconstructions will run in the most of the popular web browsers on your desktop or laptop computer.
Explore the White Tower
Explore all four floors of the White Tower at the Tower of London using the Unity 3d game engine.
A Medieval Mystery
There appear to be some strange connections between the fourteenth century Old Wardour Castle and ancient stone circle Stonehenge.
Old Wardour Castle appears to be aligned to ancient sites in the Stonehenge landscape.
Stonehenge is aligned to the Summer Solstice. Old Wardour has a very similar alignment.
Could the builders of Old Wardour used mesaurements from Stonehenge to layout the geometrical keep?