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Payens, Hugh de
Hughes de Payen travels west to obtain more authority of the Order.
During late 1128 and early 1129, Hughes de Payen visited both Scotland and England where he was apparently donated both land and money. At this time, in London, the original Temple in Holborn outside Holborn bars was built. It consisted of gardens, orchard, boundary ditch and cemetery, and was the first round church. In 1161 the site was moved to the New Temple between Fleet street and the Thames.
Hugh de Payens may have been granted the land for the first Temple Church in London at this time. Consisting of an orchard, a cemetery, a round church. The position was possibly at the end of Chancery Lane. The temple was moved in 1161.
The Council of Troyes took place. Its aim was to consider the claim of the Knights Templars represented by Hughes de Payen and Andre de Montbard and was brought about by Bernard of Clairvaux. The Council provided papal approval for the Templars and resulted in many new recruits joining the order. The Order was provided it with its first rule, the Latin Rule.
To raise funds and attract new recruits Hugh de Payen travelled around France starting with a visit to Fulk of Anjou who had become an associate member of the Knights Templar order in 1120. Support and donations across Europe for the Templars increased. The visits lasted during April and May.
Hughes de Payen died and was succeeded by Robert de Craon as Master of the KnightsTemplar.
Percy, Henry (Earl of Northumberland)
Died: February 1408
The 10 year old Richard II was crowned king of England. Ceremonies were overseen by his uncle John of Gaunt. Henry Percy was created Earl of Northumberland at the ceremony in recognition for his services as a soldier leading troops against the French.
With just forty men, Alexander Ramsay approached Berwick Castle and finding no guards on the walls raised ladders and gained entry to the keep. There they killed the castle's commander and took control, The residents of Berwick reacted by destoying the drawbridge to the castle to prevent the Scots from leaving. A larger Scottish army was north of Berwick and Ramsay decided to wait for their arrival, but the Earl of Northumberland with 10,000 men arrived first. They laid seige to the castle and quickly recaptured it, killing all the Scots apart from Ramsay who surrendered.
King Henry IV gave his son Prince Henry, the future Henry V, the task of defeating Glyndwr in North Wales. As the boy was only 13 years old, Hotspur a knight and jouster of importance was given the role of guardian over the Prince. Hotspur was the son of Henry Percy the Earl of Northumberland.
The armies of the Percies and the Scots met at Homildon Hill near Wooler in Northumberland. The Scots were defeated and the Scots' leader the Earl of Douglas was captured. Henry IV wanted Douglas handed over but Hotspur refused. Hotspur was angry with the English king who had refused to pay a ransom for Edmund Mortimer who had been captured by Owain Glyndwr and who was a friend of Hotspur's.
The Percies, led by the Earl of Northumberland and Hotspur announced their intent to revolt against Henry IV. They even promised to free the Scots they had captured at the battle of Homildon if the Scots assisted in the revolt. The plan was to join forces with Owain Glyndwr and support the claim of the young Edmund Mortimer 5th Earl of March to the English throne.
Henry Percy, Earl of Northumberland (Hotspur's father) had not managed to reach Shrewsbury in time to save his son. The Earl surrendered to the King, who accepted and showed the Earl mercy.
Owain Glyndwr, Edmund Mortimer and the Earl of Northumberland combine forces and share the same goal of removing Henry IV. They agreed to divide England and Wales in three, Owain taking Wales and the west of England, the Earl to take the north of England and the north Midlands. Mortimer could have the rest.
The end of the Percy's revolt came at the battle of Bramham Moor where the Earl of Northumberland was killed by the Sheriff of Yorkshire.
Philippa (of Hainault)
Born: circa 1314 Died: 1369
Isabella arranged the future marriage between her son Edward and Philippa the daughter of William count of Hainault. Isabella claimed part of Philippa's dowry in advance so that she could finance her invasion of England.
King Edward III married Philippa of Hainault at York Minster. The marriage was arranged as many were at the time. The arrangement was organised as early as 1323, when she was not yet nine years old. The Bishop of Exeter visited Hainault to see the girl.
Philiippa of Hainault, the wife of King Edward III, was crowned at Westminster Abbey.
Isabella, the daughter of Edward III and Philippa of Hainault, was born.
Queen Philippa gave birth to another son. The child was born in Antwerp.
In Ghent (Flanders) Edward declared himself as the true King of France. When he left Flanders for England Philippa remained as assurance that money Edward owed would be paid.
King Edward III began the siege of Calais that would last for almost a year. The governor of the town was man called Jean de Vienne. Edward demanded that the town should surrender but de Vienne refused, hoping that the town walls would hold the English out until King Philippe VI could come to their rescue. The English set up camp around the town and arranged for supplies to be brought from England. Wooden houses were also built to house the soldiers while they waited. Edward's wife Philippa even joined her husband at the camp.
Thomas of Woodstock was born to Philippa and Edward III.
Queen Philippa, Edward's wife, died. Edward's affections turned to Alice Perrers who became his mistress and had several illegitimate children.
Philippe (III, King of France 1270-1285)
Philippe III, the king of France died at Perpignan at the end of a disastrous attempt to capture Aragon for his son Charles. The battle in which he died was part of a large war known as the War of the Sicilian Vespers forght between the kings of Aragon on one side and Charles of Anjou and the kings of France on the other with the support of the Pope.
Family Tree Details
|Father:||LOUIS (IX, King of France, St. Louis) ( - d.1270)|
|Mother:||Margaret (of Provence)|
Philippe (III, King of France 1270-1285) ( - d.1285)
+Isabella (of Aragon) ( - d.1271) | =Philippe (IV, The Fair, King of France 1285-1314) ( - d.1314) | | +Joan (of Champagne) | | =Isabella (of France, Wife of Edward II) (b.1295 - d.1358) | | | +Edward (II, King of England 1307-1327) (b.1284 - d.1327) | | | =Edward (III, King of England 1327-1377) (b.1312 - d.1377) | | | =John (Earl of Cornwall) ( - d.1336) | | | =Joan (of the Tower) (b.1321 - d.1362) | | | =Eleanor (Daughter of Edward II) | | =Louis (X, The Headstrong, King of France 1314-1316) ( - d.1316) | | | +Margaret (of Burgundy) (b.1290 - d.1315) | | | | =Joan (II, of Navarre) ( - d.1349) | | | +Clemence (of Hungary) | | | =John (I, King of France 1316) (b.1316 - d.1316) | | =Philippe (V, the Tall, King of France 1316-1322) ( - d.1322) | | =Charles (IV, the Fair, King of France 1322-1328) ( - d.1328) | =Charles (Count of Valois, Anjou and Maine) | +Margaret (of Anjou, m. Charles Valois) | =Philippe (VI, King of France 1328-1350) ( - d.1350) | +Joan (of Burgundy) | =John (II, King of France 1350-1364) (b.1319 - d.1364) +Maria (of Brabant) (b.1254 - d.1322) =Margaret (of France) (b.1279 - d.1317) +Edward (I, King of England 1272-1307) (b.1239 - d.1307) =Thomas (Earl of Norfolk) ( - d.1338) =Edmund (Earl of Kent) ( - d.1330) +Wake, Margaret ( - d.1349) =Joan (of Kent) (b.1328 - d.1385)
Plantagenet, Edward (Earl of Warwick)
The 10 year old Earl of Warwick was arrested and sent to the Tower of London. His claim to the English throne was strong and Henry VII wanted him out of the way.
Family Tree Details
|Father:||George (Duke of Clarence) (b.1449 - d.1478)|
|Mother:||Neville, Isabel (Duchess of Clarence) (b.1451 - d.1476)|
Plantagenet, Edward (Earl of Warwick) ( - d.1499)
Plantagenet, Geoffrey (Archbishop of York)
Family Tree Details
|Father:||Henry (II, King of England 1154-1189) (b.1133 - d.1189)|
Plantagenet, Geoffrey (Archbishop of York)
Pole, Edmund de la (Earl of Suffolk)
Family Tree Details
|Father:||Pole, John de la (Duke of Suffolk) ( - d.1491)|
|Mother:||Elizabeth (of York, Duchess of Suffolk) ( - d.1503)|
Pole, Edmund de la (Earl of Suffolk) ( - d.1513)
Pole, John de la (Duke of Suffolk)
Pole, William de la (Duke of Suffolk)
A parliament was held at Bury St. Edmunds where the Duke of Gloucester was accused of treason and arrested. It was said that he was planning an uprising against the king. The accusations were made falsely by the Duke of Suffolk. Gloucester died only days after his arrest.
Jack Cade was the leader of a rebellion that began in Kent and elsewhere in the south east of England. The rebels' grievances were directed at the king's councillors who were using their influence on the king for their own gains.
William de la Pole, Duke of Suffolk was accused by Parliament of being the cause of the country's problems. Suffolk was arrested and imprisoned. The King allowed the Duke to be banished rather than executed but as he left the country he was attacked and killed.
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A Medieval Mystery
There appear to be some strange connections between the fourteenth century Old Wardour Castle and ancient stone circle Stonehenge.
Old Wardour Castle appears to be aligned to ancient sites in the Stonehenge landscape.
Stonehenge is aligned to the Summer Solstice. Old Wardour has a very similar alignment.
Could the builders of Old Wardour used mesaurements from Stonehenge to layout the geometrical keep?