Leofric (Bishop of Exeter)

Died: 1072

eofric was the first Bishop of Exeter after the see had been moved from Crediton.
1050   See of Devon and Cornwall moved to Exeter
 The See of Devon and Cornwall had been located at Crediton in Devon but in 1050 Edward the Confessor moved the See to Exeter. This moved the cathedral from an obscure location to a more important one. Edward gave the new Bishopric to Leofric. 

Leofric (Earl of Mercia)

Died: 1057

eofric rose to power during the reign of Canute and Edward the Confessor. He became the Earl of Mercia and controlled large parts of the Midlands. He supported Edward against the Godwines. He appears to have been quite religious as there are records of him founding abbeys at Coventry and Wenlock. Leofric died in 1057.
1035 Nov 12  Canute dies
 King Canute died at Shaftesbury leaving the rule of the country in dispute between Harthacnut (the son of Emma) and Harold Harefoot (the son of Aelfgifu). The Earls of Northumbria and Mercia supported Harold's claim while Earl Godwine supported Harthacanute's. Canute's body was taken to Winchester to be buried. Harthacnut was in Denmark at the time of his father's death and was unable to travel to England because of invasion threats.

Episode: Viking Invasions  
1040   A new minter at Much Wenlock
 Earl Leofric builds a new Minster on the site of older religious buildings at Much Wenlock. 
1043   Leofric founds Coventry Abbey
 Leofric and his lady Godgifu found the Abbey on the site of Coventry Cathedral. Godgifu may have been the famous Lady Godiva who rode naked through the streets of Coventry to save the townsfolk from paying high taxes. 

Leofwine (Earl of Kent and Essex)

Died: 1066

on of Godwine, Earl of Wessex. Died at the Battle of Hastings.

Family Tree Details
Father: Godwin (Earl of Wessex) ( - d.1053)
Mother: Gytha
Leofwine (Earl of Kent and Essex) ( - d.1066)

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Family Tree Details

Father: Godwin (Earl of Wessex) ( - d.1053)
Mother: Gytha

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Longchamp, William

t the end of 1189, William Longchamp was given the position of Justiciar and the task of administering the affairs of England by Richard I, the Lionheart while he was away on Crusade. Longchamp was a Norman, the chancellor and Bishop of Ely. The reason that Richard appointed Longchamp was to prevent his brother John from taking the English throne for himself. Richard also elected his four year old nephew, Arthur of Brittany as heir to the throne and ordered John to stay away from England for three years, but at the end of 1190 John returned to England and began a campaign against Longchamp. Longchamp was not popular with the Barons and it was easy for John to gain support against him. Even though Richard I was in Sicily, he learnt of the conflict back in England and sent Walter de Coutances, Archbishop of Rouen to investigate and deal with the problem. Longchamp was deposed and Walter took his place as Justiciar.
1189 - 1199 Building work commences at the Tower
 While Richard I was away on Crusade, William Longchamp, the Bishop of Ely and Chancellor ordered the enlargement of the bailey surrounding the keep Tower in London. A new ditch and bank were constructed with a new section of curtain wall. 
1191   John opposes William Longchamp
 John began a campaign opposing William Longchamp who had been appointed administrator of England by Richard I while he was away on Crusade. 
 Oct 6  Tower of London siege
 Bishop William Longchamp held the Tower of London against Prince John's supporters for only three days. The Bishop surrendered the Tower and escaped to continue his support for King Richard.[2] 

Longsword, William

r William Longespee. William was the illegitimate son of Henry II and became the earl of Salisbury after marrying the heiress to the earldom of Salisbury in 1198. William supported king John during his reign, including defeating the French fleet in 1213 preparing to invade.
1232   Lacock Abbey founded
 Lacock Abbey in Wiltshire was founded by Ela, Countess of Salisbury, the widow of William Longespee, the son of Henry II.[3] 

Louis (The Pious)

Died: 840

ouis was the son of Charlemagne and succeeded as the ruler of the Franks after Charlemagne's death in 814. Louis was also the King of Aquitaine. He had several sons and attempted to divide his land between them but the divisions lead to disputes and caused civil wars.
814 Jan 28  Charlemagne dies
 Charlemagne lived into his early seventies but after an illness he died and was buried in the basilica that he had built in Aachen. Charlemagne was succeeded by Louis the Pious who was the only surviving legitimate son.[4] 
840   Death of Louis the Pious
 Louis the Pious died leaving the Frankish Empire in a state of civil war due to the continuing disputes over land by his sons. 

Louis (VI, The Fat, King of France 1108-1137)

Born: 1108 Died: 1137

ouis VI was born in around 1081 to Philippe I, king of France and Bertha of Holland. He was brought up on physical exercise and was a great eater and drinker hence his nickname. His youth was spent fighting, firstly the Normans in Vexin and then resolving disputes in Chartres and Agincourt. When he became king in 1108 he was mature and ready to rule. The monk Suger, who designed the basilica of St. Denis, was a great supporter of Louis and documented his life in great detail.

Louis' most important act was the defeat of the joint attack from England and Emperor Henry V in 1124. Louis was saved by the fast action of the vassals who organised huge numbers of men to move against the threat. Emperor Henry V actually turned back before engaging the French.

Louis arranged the marriage of Eleanor of Aquitaine to his son, the future Louis VII, in an attempt to increase the territories his family could own. The Duke of Aquitaine possessed a quarter of France. Louis died in 1137 shortly after arranging the marriage and was succeeded by his son Louis.

1108   Louis VI becomes King of France
 Louis VI, the Fat, became king of France, upon the death of his father Philippe I.[5] 
1124   Louis prevents war
 Louis VI with the help of his vassals, mobilizes a huge number of men, to avert a joint invasion from England and the Emperor Henry V.[5] 
1127 Mar 2  Murder of the Count of Flanders
 Charles the Good, Count of Flanders, was murdered as he prayed in the church of Saint-Donatien at Bruges. His murder came as a huge shock and, as he did not have a son to inherit his title, the murder started a period of conflict in the region. Several claiments came forward including William of Ypres, Thierry of Alsace and William Clito. William Clito's claim was backed by Louis VI.[6] 
1129 Apr 14  Coronation of Philip of France
 Following the Capetian tradition of the French Kings, King Louis VI of France had his eldest son Philip of France crowned at Rheims Cathedral. Philip then became joint ruler of France.[7] 
1137 Apr  Stephen goes to Normandy
 King Stephen sailed to Normandy to confront Geoffrey Plantagenet, count of Anjou and the Angevins who were attacking the southern areas of Normandy. Although Stephen had come success he was not able to deal fully with the count. Stephen did come to an agreement with the French King Louis VI and Eustace, Stephen's son, paid homage to the French king for Normandy.[8] 
 Aug 1  Death of Louis VI
 The French king died. He was succeeded by his son Louis VII. 
 Dec 25  Louis VII becomes King of France
 Louis VII was crowned king of France, a few months after the death of his father Louis VI.[5] 

Louis (XII, King of France)

Died: 1 Jan 1515

ouis became King of France when Charles VIII died.
1498 Apr 7  Death of Charles VIII of France
 Charles VIII of France died due to complications occurred after banging his head on a low doorway as he walked through a dimly lit Amboise Castle. He was succeeded by Louis XII. 
1500 Apr 17  Louis XII enters Milan
 After his success at the battle of Novara Louis XII was able to take control of the city of Milan and it's surrounding area.[9] 
Early Modern Period (1500-1800)
1514 Aug  Louis XII marries Princess Mary
 A peace treaty was negotiated by Thomas Wolsey with France. One of the terms was that Louis XII of France would marry Princess Mary, the younger sister Henry VIII. Louis died only a few months later. 
 Aug  English - French peace treaty
 Wolsey negotiated a peace treaty between England and France whereby Louis XII married Henry's younger sister Mary and had to pay Henry pension money owed to him under the treaty of Etaples. Peace should be maintained not less than a year after the first of them should die. 
1515 Jan 1  Death of Louis XII
 Louis XII died at the age of 52 leaving Mary a widow. His nephew, Francis, became the next king of France. 

Lucy, Richard de

onstable of the Tower of London from 1153 and later Justiciar of England.
1153   Richard de Lucy becomes Constable of the Tower
 Richard de Lucy was appointed the title of Constable at the Tower of London, an extremely important position, by King Stephen. 

Lulach (Scottish King)

Died: 1058

cottish king from 1057 until 1058. He was the stepson of Macbeth and became king of the Scots after Macbeth was killed by Malcolm. Lulach was also killed by Malcolm who became the next king. Lulach was known as the 'fool' or the 'simple'.
1057 Aug  Macbeth is killed and Lulach becomes king
 Macbeth was killed by Malcolm III (Malcolm Canmore) who later became the King of Scotland. Macbeth was succeeded by his stepson Lulach who was crowned at Scone. 
1058 Mar  Malcolm III becomes King of the Scots
 Malcolm had killed Macbeth at Lumphanan in Aberdeenshire. Macbeth's stepson Lulach was crowned king and reigned for four months until he too was killed at Strathbogie. Malcolm became King of the Scots and was crowned at Scone.[10]