|Born||circa 1249||Born At|
|Born||circa 1249 /|
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Balliol, John (King of Scotland 1292-1296) (b.1249? - d.1313)
King Edward I met the claimants for the Scottish crown at Norham. There were three main claimants to the throne all of whom were descended from David Earl of Huntingdon, the brother of William the Lion who died in 1214. There were many claimants but the three main contenders were John Balliol, Robert Bruce and John Hastings. The decision was delayed until the following year to allow all the facts to be taken into account. ¹
The Isle of Man was surrendered to John Balliol by the order by Edward I.
At Berwick Edward I declared John Balliol to be the new Scottish King. ¹
Balliol was crowned at Scone Abbey on St. Andrew's Day.
John Balliol went to France and arranged the Treaty Auld Alliance (Content ?) ¹
King Edward ordered his army to attack the badly fortified town of Berwick. Many Scots were killed in the two days of the attack and possibly somewhere between 7000 and 17000 men, women and children were slaughtered.
In March of 1296 Edward I had attacked and sacked Berwick. Balliol renounced homage to England. ¹
John Balliol was defeated at the battle of Dunbar by Edward I.
The English had taken many castles and in July 1296 Balliol surrendered to Edward I. Balliol was allowed to retire to France some years later. Edward advanced to Elgin and on his return to England took the Stone of Scone. ¹
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