dward was the eldest son of John Balliol, the king of the Scots. With help from Edward III Edward Balliol claimed the Scottish throne after defeating the supporters of the young Scottish king, David II at Dupplin Muir in 1332. Balliol was forced to relinquish the throne a few months later but was helped back into power in 1333 by Edward III.
King Robert the first of Scotland died and was followed by David the second. David was only 5 years old and so Edward Balliol claimed his right to the throne being the son of John who was king of Scotland from 1292 to 1296. ¹
With help from English archers Edward Balliol forwarded his right to the Scottish throne by defeating the Scots fighting for the young King David II at Dupplin Moor. Many Scots were killed in the batlle including the Earl of Mar and King David's uncle Lord Robert Bruce. ¹
After the defeat of David II of Scotland at Neville's Cross Edward Balliol had attempted to claim the Scottish throne but eventually decided to surrender his title as King of the Scots to Edward III and accept a pension in return.
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Selection of references used:
1. J.D. Mackie, A History of Scotland, 1978, ISBN:0-7139-1206-5
2. John Harvey, The Black Prince and his age, ISBN:0-7134-3148-2
3. Hubert Cole, The Black Prince, 1976, ISBN:0-246-10778-2
4. Susan Ross, The Castles of Scotland, ISBN:0-85097-184-5